Fleas and Ticks - Teach You To Train Your Dog

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What You Need To Know About Fleas And Ticks

Pests That Feed on Your Pets

The soft, warm fur of dogs and cats provides the perfect environment for fleas and    ticks. These insects feed on your pet’s blood and can cause health problems ranging    from allergic reactions to serious tick-borne illnesses. Both fleas and ticks are more    common during the warmer months, but you can take steps to ward them off any    time of year.

Flea Warning Signs: Dogs

•Flea droppings (dark specks) in the fur
•Flea eggs (white specks) in the fur
•Excessive licking or scratching
•Scabs or hot spots on the skin   dog with fleas scratching back

Flea Warning Signs: Cats

The easiest way to find fleas on a cat is to use a flea comb (a special fine-toothed    comb). Especially check the neck and around the base of the tail. You also can    check the belly. You may see the fleas -- small dark spots that move -- or their    droppings, which look like specks of dirt. Lots of scratching and hair loss are also    signs that fleas may be feasting on your feline.   kitten with flea


Fleas can take in 15 times their own weight in blood. Dogs or cats that lose too    much blood may develop anemia, a dangerous drop in the number of their red blood    cells. Puppies and kittens are especially at risk. Signs of anemia caused by fleas    include pale gums and lack of energy.

Allergic to Fleas

Fleas are the most common cause of skin disease in dogs and cats. When a flea    bites, it injects saliva into your pet’s skin. This may trigger an allergic reaction. Signs    include intense itching, hair loss (especially just in front of the tail), scabs, and red,    irritated skin, which may lead to skin infections.   cat flea scratching allergy

How Do Pets Get Fleas?

Pets can easily pick up fleas when outdoors. Indoor cats can get them even if they    just go out on the patio or share their home with a dog. Female fleas can lay 40 to    50 eggs a day. That can lead to an infestation in days.   girl and cat by flea in grass

Drawn to Your Blood

Fleas like human blood too, and they can jump from your pet’s fur or bedding onto    your skin. Some people have a bad reaction to flea bites. If you scratch the intense    itches, that can lead to skin infections. To avoid flea bites, keep your animals and    your home flea-free. For every flea you see on your pet, vets estimate there are 100    more in your house.

In Your Home

When fleas lay eggs on your pet, some eggs may fall off and hatch on your carpet,    bed, or other furniture. The new fleas then target you and your pet, feed on your    blood, and lay more eggs. Carpets and humid areas are favorites for fleas. Replace    carpeting and keep your home as dry as possible to make your house less friendly    for fleas.

Tick Warning Signs

You can feel ticks when you pet your cat or dog, and you can see them. They most    often attach near the head, neck, ears, or paws. On cats, they're usually found    around the ears and eyes. Ticks can carry diseases. If you find a tick on your pet, try    to remove it as soon as possible.   

Safe Ways to Remove Ticks

Skip gasoline, nail polish, petroleum jelly, alcohol, or a hot match. These methods    can force infected fluids back into the bite.
Instead:   •Use gloves or tissue to cover your hands.
•Grasp the tick with tweezers from the side, by its head, close to the skin.
•Pull straight up. Don't twist.
•Don't squeeze (or pop!) the bloated belly.

Wash the bite area and your hands. Mouth parts that remain rarely cause serious    problems.  Questions? Call your vet.

How Pets Get Ticks

Ticks crawl onto tall grass and shrubs and wait for a host, like your pet, to pass by.    They can wait for a year without feeding. Dogs are most likely to pick up ticks while    walking in the woods or high grass from spring through fall. Outdoor cats can pick up    ticks the same way. Ticks are more common in warm climates and some wooded    areas of the Northeast.

Brown Dog Tick

The brown dog tick, also called the kennel tick, is common across the U.S. It's    unique among ticks because it does well indoors. The adult tick is reddish-brown    and usually attaches around the ears or between a dog’s toes. This tick rarely bites    people, but it can carry serious diseases that affect dogs, such as ehrlichiosis.

Deer Tick

Deer ticks feed on many types of mammals, including people. The adults are    reddish-brown and live in wooded areas of the Northeast and Midwest. They're    dangerous because they can transmit Lyme disease to dogs and people. Lyme    disease causes fever and joint pain and, sometimes, serious kidney disease in dogs.   deer tick embedded in dog

American Dog Tick

This is one of the most common ticks. It feeds on people as well as dogs. It’s easy to    spot the females, because they have a large silver spot behind the head. They swell    to the size of a small grape after feeding. These ticks can spread Rocky Mountain    spotted fever, but only if they're attached for at least 5-20 hours. This disease can be    fatal in dogs and may cause serious symptoms in people.

Signs of Tick-Borne Diseases

Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and ehrlichiosis cause similar    symptoms in dogs, including:
•Loss of appetite
•Swollen lymph nodes
•Joint swelling or pain

These diseases can have serious complications, so prompt treatment is a must.    Tick-borne diseases are uncommon in cats, but they can get a tick infection called    cytauxzoonosis, which is often fatal -- so do your best to keep pests off your cat and    out of your home.

Lyme Disease Vaccine for Dogs

There is a vaccine to protect against Lyme disease in dogs who live in or travel to    high-risk areas. Ask your vet if your pet needs it.

Other Tick Concerns in Dogs

Ticks can cause other health problems in dogs, including:
•Skin irritation or infection
•Tick paralysis

Some ticks make a toxin that makes muscles weak. Most dogs recover quickly once    you remove the ticks.

Health Problem for Humans

People can get many of the same tick-borne diseases that affect dogs. Lyme    disease is probably the best known. One of the first symptoms is a bull’s-eye rash.    You can’t catch tick-borne diseases directly from your pet, but the same ticks that    bite your animals can nibble on you, too. When you remove a tick from your animal,    don't touch the tick's blood.

Your Yard and Home

Ticks prefer warm, grassy areas and may thrive in unruly sections of your yard. The    brown dog tick can also live and reproduce inside your home. Its favorite hiding    spots include cracks, curtains, under rugs and furniture, and behind radiators.


Flea and tick shampoos are mainly useful for killing the fleas and ticks that are    already on your pet. They don’t work as well to prevent ticks. Make sure you get the    right kind. Some products for dogs can kill cats. You can buy the shampoo without a    prescription, but follow the directions carefully. You need to cover the animal’s entire    body and wait 10 minutes before rinsing.


Flea collars can ward off fleas and ticks. Read the labels and follow the directions on    the package. Puppies and kittens may need those with a lower dose of chemicals.    Don’t let children play with a collar. Wash your hands with soap and water after you    handle it.


Dogs and cats can take some treatments, such as tablets, by mouth. One type is a    quick fix that kills adult fleas within 30 minutes. You can give it to your pet daily. Other medications, which you give monthly, keep flea eggs from hatching. Another    product starts killing fleas in as little as 30 minutes and protects for a month. Some    flea medications need a prescription. Also, there is a dogs-only oral product that kills    fleas and ticks. Check with your vet to see which treatment is right for your pet.

Skin Treatments

You put these treatments on your dog or cat’s back. They work well for a month.    Some kill fleas and ticks. Others target fleas and their eggs. Some dog products can    kill cats, so ask your vet which product is right for your pet, and follow the    instructions.

Are Skin Treatments Safe?   If you use them correctly, yes. The Environmental Protection Agency says that using    them wrong is a major cause of negative reactions. Common mistakes include    treating a cat with a product meant for dogs, or using a large dog dose on a small    dog. Check with your vet if you aren't sure which dose is right for your pet.

Brewer's Yeast, Flea Combs

Some people feed their pets brewer’s yeast in the hopes that the smell will ward off    fleas. But there is no science to support this. One “green” strategy that does work:    the flea comb. Flea combs are completely nontoxic and offer a way to remove fleas    from pets that can’t take medication.

Risky 'Green' Fixes

Some natural flea and tick remedies can cause severe reactions in cats and dogs.
These include:
•Pennyroyal oil
•Garlic and onion
Check with your vet before giving your pet any type of herbal treatment.

Should You Use a Fogger?

Insect foggers, or bug bombs, kill a lot of fleas at once. They use strong pesticides    and are only recommended for severe infestations. You and your pets must leave    your home while the fogger works. Follow the directions to know when it's safe to    return. It's dangerous to use too many foggers at once or come home too soon.

Stay Pest-Free

The first defense is to make your yard unwelcoming to fleas and ticks. Mow the lawn    regularly, trim shrubs, rake leaves, and keep garbage covered so it won’t attract    rodents. Inside, vacuum carpets often with a rotary brush or beater bar. Empty    canisters or throw away vacuum bags. Mop hardwood floors with detergent every    week. Wash all bedding often.
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Three Biggest Mistakes Owners Make
  1. Owners and Trainers alike treat dogs like Humans!
  2. Dog owner’s, especially small dog owners think their dogs DON'T NEED training  
  3. They Hire a Trainer
You are the best person to train your dog. They need to obey your commands because you told them to, There will be no consistency with the way you give commands if they learn it from someone else.
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